Moxa or Moxibustion
Moxa is a therapy that involves lighting a compacted form of the mugwort herb, known in chinese as ai ye, and using it to heat certain acupoints or meridians to bring about the desired therapeutic effect. Such effects include introducing warmth and energy in a deficient body, or breaking through blockages of energy or blood.
Cupping utilizes glass, plastic, or bamboo cups to induce a mild vacuum effect on the skin and soft-tissues to draw blood and energy to a part of the body, dispel stagnation, and resolve pain. It is used to treat musculoskeletal conditions as well as internal complaints.
Used in chinese folk medicine as well as in the clinical setting, gua sha is a technique of skin scraping that induces a form of "sweating" in the skin and underlying tissues that helps resolve body aches due to colds/flus, trauma, and chronic muscle and joint pain. It can even be used to cool the body down in cases of childhood and adult fevers, an original use of gua sha. Gua means "scrape" while sha referes to the "redness" that often appears on the skin following treatment. It works by moving qi, energy, and blood, which is often stagnant in pain syndromes.